Part I: Matching
___ 1. Lymph
___ 2. Brain stem
___ 3. Hormone
___ 4. Dendrites
___ 5. Stimulus
___ 6. Somatosensory
___ 7. Amygdala
___ 8. Hypothalamus
___ 9. Neuron
___ 10. Stem cell
A. Part of the limbic system, near the brain stem at the base of the cerebrum.
B. A cell that has the ability to develop into cells of many different tissue types.
C. A chemical that controls how some parts of the body work.
D. Having to do with sensations involving parts of the body that are not associated with the eyes, ears, and other primary sense organs.
E. The area at the top of the brain stem concerned with automatic functions and with producing the chemicals associated with emotions.
F. A nerve cell.
G. A projection at the end of a neuron that connects with the next neuron or with a muscle cell.
H. A liquid mixture of water, protein, and waste materials.
I. The area of the brain that joins the top of the spinal cord.
J. Something that causes an action or produces a response.
Part II: Multiple Choice
1. Which of the following is NOT a part of the nervous system>
B. spinal cord
2. The long tail of a nerve cell that carries nerve impulses to the next neuron or to muscle tissue is called the :
B. cell body
D. myelin sheath
3. In the brain, the _________ lies beneath the cerebrum and is largely responsible for balance, posture, and coordinating movement.
B. brain stem
4. When we process stimuli, we use _______, or nerve endings of sensory neurons that change stimuli into nerve impulses.
5. Which of the following is NOT an example of a voluntary action?
A. Scratching an itch.
B. Keeping your body balanced.
C. Saying "hello".
D. Jumping over a puddle.
6. The part of the brain involved in remembering, thinking, and reasoning is known as the:
7. Which of the following is NOT a part of the limbic system?
D. brain stem
8. What you eat can affect your brain—for example, it relies on _________, a type of sugar, for energy.for example, it relies on _________, a type of sugar, for energy.
9. Our skin has three layers of tissue. From the outside to inside, these are:
A. Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
B. Subcutaneous, epidermis, dermis
C. Epidermis, subcutaneous, dermis
D. Dermis, epidermis, subcutaneous
10. In addition to hearing, the ears are also crucial for:
C. hand-eye coordination
D. body temperature regulation
Part III: Short Answer
1. What are three ways that you can take care of your nervous system?
2. What two kinds of matter are found in the spinal cord?
3. What is the largest organ in the human body?
4. What is the purpose of motor neurons?
5. Is yawning a voluntary or involuntary action?
Part VI: Critical Thinking Essay
Scientists have tried and failed for many years to create a robot with the ability to process and act on information as well as humans do. Why is this? What physical qualities do humans possess that allow us to perform so much better than robots? Describe at least three different qualities.
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