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41st President of the United States- George Herbert Walker Bush


220px-George H. W. Bush President of the United States 1989 official portrait

George HW Bush

 

 

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-George Herbert Walker Bush, (1924-...), served as president of the United States from 1989 to 1993. In 1988, he defeated the Democratic Party's presidential candidate, Governor Michael S. Dukakis of Massachusetts.

 

-Boyhood. Bush was born on June 12, 1924, in Milton, Massachusetts. He had three brothers—Prescott, Jr., Jonathan, and William—and a sister, Nancy.

 

-War hero. The United States entered World War II (1939-1945) in December 1941. Bush enlisted in the U.S. Navy Reserve. He received flight training and was commissioned an ensign in June 1943. At that time, he was the Navy's youngest pilot.

 

-Bush's family. Bush met Barbara Pierce of Rye, New York, at a Christmas dance in 1941. Her father, Marvin Pierce, was the publisher of McCall's and Redbook magazines. George and Barbara were married on Jan. 6, 1945, while Bush was on leave from naval duty. The couple had six children—George; Robin, who died of leukemia; John, called Jeb; Neil; Marvin; and Dorothy. Their son George (known as George W. Bush) was governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. He was elected president of the United States in 2000 and served from 2001 to 2009. Jeb Bush was governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.

 

-College education. In the fall of 1945, Bush entered Yale University. He worked hard and did well in his studies. Bush played first base on the Yale baseball team for three seasons. He was captain of the team during his senior year. He graduated from Yale in 1948 with a bachelor's degree in economics. He also was elected to the honor society Phi Beta Kappa.

 

-Entry into the oil business. After his graduation from Yale, Bush received an offer to join his father's investment banking firm. But he turned down this secure position to try his luck in the oil fields of Texas. A family friend offered Bush a job at Dresser Industries, an oil equipment company. Bush started with Dresser Industries as an equipment clerk in Odessa, Texas.

 

-Early political career. Bush became more interested in politics in the late 1950's. In 1962, he was elected chairman of the Republican Party of Harris County—the county in which most of Houston lies. In 1964, he was the Republican candidate for the U.S. Senate. Democratic incumbent Ralph Yarborough defeated Bush in the general election.

 

-United Nations ambassador. President Nixon appointed Bush U.S. ambassador to the UN in December 1970. In 1971, Bush worked to allow Nationalist China to keep its position in the UN. He supported a “dual representation” plan that would accept the entry of Communist China to the UN while preserving Nationalist China's position there. However, the members of the UN voted to expel Nationalist China. Bush's efforts were complicated by gestures of friendship made toward Communist China by the Nixon administration.

 

-Envoy to China. In 1974, Nixon's successor, Gerald R. Ford, let Bush select his next government assignment. Bush chose to head the United States Liaison Office in Beijing, the capital of Communist China. Bush worked to continue developing relations between the two countries, which had opened diplomatic offices in each other's capitals in 1973.

 

-CIA director. In November 1975, President Ford requested that Bush return to Washington to head the Central Intelligence Agency. Bush accepted. The Senate confirmed his appointment in January 1976 after imposing the condition that Bush not be considered as a candidate for vice president in 1976.

 

-Campaign for the presidential nomination. In the fall of 1977, Bush and his advisers began to raise funds for the 1980 campaign for the presidency. Bush officially announced his candidacy in May 1979. In January 1980, Bush defeated his chief rival for the nomination, former California Governor Ronald Reagan, in the Iowa caucuses, the first contest in the nominating process. But Bush could not maintain this advantage, as Reagan accumulated victories in primary elections. Bush withdrew his candidacy on May 26, 1980.

 

-Vice presidential candidate. The Republican National Convention, held in Detroit in July 1980, officially nominated Reagan as the party's presidential candidate. Reagan invited Bush to be his vice presidential running mate. Bush accepted and was formally nominated.

 

-The 1988 election. Many Republicans hoped that Bush could win the support of the conservative Democrats who had crossed party lines to vote for Reagan in 1980 and 1984. Many of Bush's conservative views, particularly those concerning the smuggling of illegal drugs into the United States, were similar to those of Reagan. Bush also promised not to increase any taxes. In the general election, Bush and Quayle defeated Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen. Bush received 426 of the 538 electoral votes.

 

-Life in the White House. The Bushes enjoyed a casual lifestyle while in the White House. They liked to entertain and often held informal parties and barbecues. The Bushes also invited heads of state and other guests to spend time at their summer home in Kennebunkport. While there, guests enjoyed rides on the president's high-speed boat and picnics on the beach. For formal While House parties, the Bushes worked on their own seating plans.

 

-The 1992 election. During the campaign, Bush stressed his foreign policy successes and charged that Clinton lacked experience in foreign affairs. Bush also promised to reduce federal taxes and warned that, as president, Clinton would raise taxes. Clinton, for his part, argued that Bush had failed to deal effectively with the nation's many domestic problems, including the recession and high unemployment of the early 1990's. Bush defended his record on domestic issues by claiming that the Democrat-controlled Congress had refused to enact most of his proposals. Perot accused both Bush and Clinton of not giving enough attention to such problems as the federal government's large budget deficit. In the election, Clinton defeated Bush and Perot.

 

Works Cited:

 

Thornton, Lee. "Bush, George Herbert Walker." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 22 Jan.  

 

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